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Botanical Name: Zanthoxylum armatum

Common Name: Timur

English Name: Prickly ash, Nepal Pepper, Toothache tree, Sichuan Pepper

Parts Used
: Roots, bark, leaves, fruits, seeds

Habit and Habitat
: Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), N India, east to China


Description: Shrub or small tree. Leaves usually pinnate, Leaflets 2-6 pairs, elliptic-lanceolate, petiole and rachis winged. Flowers 3-4 mm in diametre, small, yellow, in panicles. Fruit 4-5 mm in diametre, ovoid, pale red. Seeds 2 mm in diametre, oval and dark.


Medicinal Properties: The bark, fruits and seeds are extensively used in indigenous system of medicine as a carminative, stomachic and anthelmintic. The stem has exhibited hypoglycaemic activity in the preliminary trials. The bark is pungent and used to clean teeth. The fruits and seeds are employed as an aromatic tonic in fever and dyspesia. An extract of the fruits is reported to be effective in expelling roundworms. Because of their deodorant, disinfectant and antiseptic properties, the fruits are used in dental troubles, and their lotion for scabies. The essential oil is said to possess antiseptic, disinfectant and deodorant properties. 

Uses: Used as spices in Food. 

: "A compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal" by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi (October' 2006)